11 出師表 - 11 2014 1 1 14(1 2(2 2(3 2(4 2(5 2(6 2(7 2...

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《啟思新高中中國語文》(第二版) 指定文言經典精 11 出師表 模擬試題 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 1 1 試解釋以下文句中的粗體字。( 14 分) (1) 作奸犯科。 法律( 2 分) (2) 悉以咨之。 全部( 2 分) (3) 躬耕於南陽 親身 / 親自( 2 分) (4) 先帝不以臣卑鄙。 卑鄙 出身低微,見識鄙陋( 2 分) (5) 後值傾覆。 遇到 / 碰上 / 遭到( 2 分) (6) 故臨崩寄臣以大事也。 寄: 付託( 2 分) (7) 以彰其咎。 咎: 過失( 2 分) 詞解 解釋 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 2 2 試把以下文句語譯為白話文。( 6 分) (1) 此誠危急存亡之秋也! 這實在是國家危急存亡的重要時刻啊!( 3 分) (2) 深追先帝遺詔。 認真追念先帝的遺訓。( 3 分) 語譯 解釋 (參考 2014 年「試題舉隅」題 3 3 《出師表》屬「表」一類,這類文體有甚麼作用?諸葛亮 的寫作目的是甚麼?( 1 分, 4 分) (1) 作用: 臣子向君主陳述意見。( 1 分) (2) 目的: 諸葛亮一方面想勸諫後主虛懷納諫、賞罰分明、選用賢能、親賢遠佞;( 2 分)另一方面想向後主表明自己出師目的和為國盡忠的心志。( 2 分) 文學 主旨 整合、引申 4 在《出師表》中,諸葛亮 一開始便向後主 分析天下形勢,目的是甚麼?( 2 分) 指出先帝創業艱難,勉勵後主 發憤圖強。 「先帝創業未半,而中道崩殂。」 感歎先帝壯志未酬,責備自己事主不力。 強調蜀漢 形勢危急,希望後主有所警惕。 「今天下三分,益州疲弊,此誠危急存亡之秋也!」 指出魏 虎視眈眈,蜀漢 疲弱令人焦慮。 「今天下三分,益州疲弊,此誠危急存亡之秋 也!」 A  、、 B  、、 C  、、 A B C D D  、、
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