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HUMS 101 Final Exam Keywords

HUMS 101 Final Exam Keywords - HUMS 101 Keywords Haghia...

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HUMS 101 Keywords Haghia Sophia- Early Christian church constructed by Anthemius of Tralles after being hired by Justinian I; opposed the form of a Roman basilica and embraced the architectural dome; had largest dome ever, and was made to look weightless by placing multiple squares along the sides of the dome to let light in; collapsed shortly after construction but rebuilt still stands today Anthemius of Tralles - Famous architect hired by Justinian I to construct Haghia Sophia using an enormous dome rather than former Roman basilica Trebonian- Roman lawyer hired by Justinian I to organize Roman law and report back to Justinian with his findings in a year; ransacked and collected all Roman law doctrine; compiled Roman doctrine in the code/codex justinianus, becoming the only source of law; compiled a list of the best Roman legal writers (~2,000 volumes worth) into 50 volumes of jurisprudence and declared no more legal writings would be valid past these 50 digests/pandects; issued the Institues of Roman law, which became the standard textbook of law that lasted until the 20 th cent. Twelve Tables- written law in Rome during the 6 th and 5 th cents. BC; created to protect plebian Roman class; aimed at security of people and property; defined obligations and risks involved in breaking the laws; restrained patrician class from abusing plebian class; eventually regulated domestic relations; contained some archaic and bizarre notions Laws of Gortyn- written in very early Greek (written right to left and then left to right and so on, this is called goustrophedon) ~ 550 BC; seduction, rape, and adultery were foundations of first few laws (girls who are raped or seduced lost value); later contained marriage and property rights laws; not necessary to write a will, as property was divided among heirs; discussed duties and functions of judges (severe punishment dealt when judges were corrupt or dishonest) Edicts - when a ruler gave a decision, it was issued as an edict Mandate- when a ruler issued an order which judges were to put into effect Decrees- when a ruler issued a law to be followed by all people Rescripts- an answer to a specific question about the law, asked by people who don’t want to break the law Petitions- a formal, written protest or request to a ruler, often signed by those who are in opposition Law animate-
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Code- also known as codex justinianus; collection of all Roman law doctrine that Trebonian compiled to become the only source of Roman law Digests/Pandects- 50 volume list of the best Roman legal writings and writers that Trebonian compiled and narrowed down from ~2,000 volumes; it was declared that no more legal writings would be valid past these 50 volumes Institutes- standard textbook of Roman law that lasted until the 20 th century; issued by Trebonian Antioch- founded 300 BC after Antiochus I; emerged as center of Greek culture; major Roman administrative center; not much commerce; local econ. supported by agriculture; seat to early Christian conference on whether gentiles could be Christian (answer was
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