MUSI112 Final Terms

MUSI112 Final Terms - MUSI112 Final Terms titles and...

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MUSI112 Final Terms, titles, and expressions: Gregorian chant – a large body of unaccompanied monophonic vocal music, set to Latin texts, composed for the Western Church over the course of fifteen centuries, from the time of the earliest fathers to the Council of Trent 1150s Ordinary of the Mass – the five sung portions of the Mass for which the texts are invariable. Plainsong – see Gregorian chant. Quadrivium – a curriculum of four scientific disciplines (arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music) taught in medieval schools and universities. a cappella – a term applied to unaccompanied vocal music; originated in Sistine Chapel where instruments were forbidden to accompany the singers castrato – a male adult singer who had been castrated as a boy to keep his voice from changing so that it would remain in the soprano or alto register falsetto voice – a high, soprano0like voice produced by adult male singers when they sing in head voice and not in full chest voice. Madrigal – a popular genre of secular vocal music that originated in Italy during the Renaissance, in which usually four or five voices sing love poems Motet – a composition for choir or larger chorus setting a religious, devotional, or solemn text; often sung a capella basso continuo – a small ensemble of at least two instrumentalists who provide a foundation for the melody or melodies above; heard almost exclusively in the Baroque Period basso ostinato – a motive or phrase in the bass that is repeated again and again concerto grosso – a multi-movement concerto of the Baroque era that pits the sound of a small group of soloists against that of the full orchestra libretto – the text of an opera The Seasons - Vivaldi’s Baroque Era work of four solo violin concertos, the most famous was the three-movement piece “Spring”, that introduced instrumental program music; “Spring” was written in ritornello form(main theme, aka ritornello, returns
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