第4章主要知识点 - X1X2.Xn n Q Q=fX1X2Xn L K Q=fLK Q...

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生产函数 表示在一定时期内,在技术水平不变的情况下,生产中所使用的各种生产要素的数量与所能生产的最大产量之间的关系。 假定 X1 X2 ... Xn 顺次表示某产品生产过程中所使用的 n 种生产要素的投入数量, Q 表示所能生产的最大产量,则生产函数 可以写成: Q=f X1 X2 ,…, Xn 假定生产过程中只使用劳动和资本两种要素,若以 L 表示劳动投入数量,以 K 表示资本投入数量,则生产函数写为: Q=f L K 短期生产 长期生产 至少有一种生产要素的数量是固定不变的 可以调整全部生产要素的数量 分为:不变要素投入,可变要素投入 不存在这种生产要素的区分 ) , ( K L f Q ) , ( K L f Q dK K L dTP dL K L dTP K K L TP MP L K L TP MP K K L TP AP L K L TP AP K L f TP K L f TP K L K K L L K K L L k L ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( ) , ( 等产量曲线 0 ) , ( Q K L f Q
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