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Anthropology 151 Mid2

Anthropology 151 Mid2 - Anthropology 151 Mid-term#2 Short...

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Anthropology 151 Mid-term #2 Short Answers 1) Beringia—landmass connecting Alaska and Russia. Hominids used Beringia when they migrated into the New World at around 11,000 years ago. Animals also used Beringia to migrate into the New World. 2) Sahul—now known as “Australia,” is a land comprised of Australia, New Guinea, and other neighboring islands. It formed a single continuous mass, but however due to the rise of the sea level, the land was separated. “Sahul Shelf” was a dry-land connecting Australia and Asia. Hominids probably migrated when this “dry-land” was exposed. 3) Atlatl—one of the technology developed during the change between the Middle Paleolithic and the Upper Paleolithic age. “Spear Thrower.” This ranges over 100 meter in distance when thrown. It was capable of killing large animals from a distance. Native Americans used Atlatl as well as it was probably introduced when hominids migrated from Asia to the New World via Beringia. 4) Sinodonty—particular pattern of teeth common among Native Americans and some people in Asia. The upper two incisors are not aligned with the other teeth, and moreover shovel-shaped. The name sinodonty literally means “Chinese Teeth.” 5) Megafauna—mainly used as a term defining animals weighing over 500kg to 1 ton. Most of the Megafauna have become extinct in recent times. Two main hypotheses to explain their extinction. 1. Human Intervention. Humans hunted Megafaunas and led them to extinction. When humans came, the population began to decline. 2.
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Climate change. A notable increase in climate change led them to become extinct. More likely because of the lack of food. 6) Clovis—named after Clovis, New Mexico in 1932. 11,200 – 10,800 BP. Found throughout North America. Thought to be the first evidence of culture. Here, they found evidence where people made weapons to kill large animals. Remains of weapons found near mammoth bones. Still, there have been debates for culture older than Clovis. Monte Verde in Chile is an accepted pre-Clovis site which is
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Anthropology 151 Mid2 - Anthropology 151 Mid-term#2 Short...

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