Anthropology 151 Mid-term 2 Essay Answers

Anthropology 151 - Anthropology 151 Mid-term 2 Essay Answers 1 The oasis theory popularized by V Gordon Childe argues that the reason humans began

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Anthropology 151 Mid-term 2 Essay Answers 1) The oasis theory, popularized by V. Gordon Childe, argues that the reason humans began to live in settlements because following the Pleistocene, the climate became dry and in order for humans to survive, they had to live near an oasis; in which it forced humans into close proximity with plants and animals. This developed familiarity with each other and made it easier for humans to adapt plants or animals for their own uses. The fault here is it lacks the explanation of why previous interglacial periods didn’t result in domestication and why domestication occurred without oases. In the Fertile Crescent, the climate has a long, dry season with short amounts of rain. Humans then had to plant plants that were suitable to that environment; like wheat and barley. Humans settled near “oasis” in order to obtain the water necessary for their living with the limited amount of rainfall. 2) Wheat, Barley, Sheep, Goats, Pigs, and Cattle where first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent at about 9000-8000 BC. At about 5000 BC Mexico, Squash, Maize, Beans, and Dogs were domesticated. Most plants served as surplus food
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This note was uploaded on 08/25/2008 for the course ANTH 151 taught by Professor Sheppard during the Spring '07 term at Hawaii.

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Anthropology 151 - Anthropology 151 Mid-term 2 Essay Answers 1 The oasis theory popularized by V Gordon Childe argues that the reason humans began

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