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Greek Mythology Notes

Greek Mythology Notes - Greek Mythology Notes...

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Greek Mythology Notes Mythos - “Utterance, something spoken” Oral/Verbal aspect of Myth Myths, Time myths, myth proper, legend, saga, folk tale, fable #1 Myth are born not made ancient and Anonymous #2 Myths explain natural phenomena #3 Myths are always about divine and supernatural events and beings #4 Myths were once really believed by some primitive people True Myths - (seems to be a lot of opposing forces facing each other) Stories dealing with major gods and human brings relations with the divine People interacting with the gods all of the time Saga or Legend Stories rooted in a sense of History Folktale entertaining, popular tales of adventure story of Odysseus Fable animal tales with a moral Myth Traditional tale Story handed down through the Generations Historical element in Greek myth Greeks believed in myth time Trojan War = an epic saga but is it real history? Greeks did not invent mythology by themselves, borrowed a lot from Egyptians Theory of Rationalization Natural explanation for supernatural things Metaphorical Interpretations Myth stands for something Allegory - symbols stand for something else how Aphrodite is “sexual lust” Internalist Theories - in your head connects myths to dreams Nature Myth Theory - Weather, Seasons, and Cosmology Externalist Theories - Myths explain outside world. . such as (natural phenomena why sky is blue, why waves are like that, why do we go to temple on Saturday) Oedipal Complex - basic pattern of human psyche “myth wish” Archetypes – pattern / image universally accepted to represent a common idea the Hero and his journey “The Collective Conscious” Patterns common to all cultures Charter Myth – confirms existing beliefs, practices, institutions (why we sacrifice animals to gods) ***Aetiological Myth- explains origin case “aetion” for things Ritualist Theory- Myths explain religious practice Structualist Theory- Patterns emerge from Analysis (of myths how come, why)
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Oppositions such as male vs. female. . Earth vs. sky… Mind vs. Body… Creation Myths – Kosmos + genesis = Cosmogony “Birth of the universe” Cosmogony myths tell of the creation of the world Cosmogony theme #1 Union of Heaven and Earth Cosmogony theme #2 Primal life-giving waters Cosmogony myths also describe creation of gods and humans Theme - struggle in heaven between groups of divinities Divine Conflicts – younger generation beats older Orders comes out of Disorder Civilization is gift from the Gods and can be taken away Cosmogonies often include Fall of Humans from state of perfection Greeks – Earliest Greek version = homer Oceanos & Tethys create the world Oceanos = Stream around Earth Main Greek Version – Hesiods Theogony (700 B.C) Major theme of Theogony – Order comes out of Conflict Main focus of the story – rule of the great god Zeus Story begins with Invocation to the Muses
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Greek Mythology Notes - Greek Mythology Notes...

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