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Unformatted text preview: Psych 107-511 Intro Psychology Exam 2 Study Guide Ch. 16 Stress and types of stress Nonspecific response to any demand made of body o Eustress (pleasant marriage, sex, vacations); distress (unpleasant) Holmes & Rahe life changes & stress Cause stress, Social Readjustment Rating scale (acute stressors one time things) Chronic stressors Ongoing (work, marriage) Hassles, burnout, & frustration Hassles are small but accumulate (financial, family problems) Burnout caused by persistent hassles (draining professions teacher, nurse) Frustration occurs when hassles block a goal (more motivated, more frustrated) Bodily response to stress (nervous system, etc) SNS activated, HPA releases epi and cortisol Stress & immune system PNI - psychoneuroimmunology Stress increases glucocorticoids which suppress white blood cells Opioids produced suppress killer cell production General Adaptation Model (Selye) Alarm (freak out! Resistance low), resistance (asthma, ulcers here), exhaustion Cognitive appraisal Perception; primary (how serious?), secondary (can I do it?); determines amount of stress Cancer Cortisol suppresses T-cells that usually control cell division Cardiovascular disease Epi and cortisol release fat for energy; remains in blood if not used, clogs vessels Personality types & effect on heart disease A fjklsdfjlksd more likely to have heart disease...
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- Spring '07