JIN LINHISTORY 11032016/12/21Instructor: Michael Farley LoganI.Essay:(1) Economic systems:In 19 century, the per capital investment in north was$57, $12 in west. And $77 in south, is the most abundant areas of slaveryand land. Planting cotton is one of the ways to improve the economy of thesouth and the south grew more cotton than food. The cotton plant canproduce cotton ball for selling to make money. People in the south plantedlong-staple cotton, which means long fibers. When workers waiting for theleaves surrounded the cotton ball to dry to peel, there was a problem inpicking and cleaning the cotton. Because the dry leaves were easy to hurtfingers. In addition, the seeds of the cotton was easy to break into piecesand individual workers need had the long-time process repeatedly to pickout the little black seed inside the long stapled cotton ball. A worker canproduce about 50 pounds a day, but this amount is not enough. As a result,the long stapled cotton was costly because the way to produce was a time-consuming process. Fortunately, Eli Whitney traveled from north to southin 1793 and brought the Gin machine and a cotton machine to pick out theblack seeds and produce clean cotton ball quickly. There is also anothercotton plant, the Mexican strain, which has shorter fibers, the seeds willnot be broken into pieces. The leaves of the Mexican strain were not
surrounded the cotton ball because the cotton ball on the top of the plant,so they wouldn’t hurt the worker’s finger.(2) Social structures: American society urbanized drastically during this era.Millions of people began to move to the cities. For southern social, slaverytrader was ends 1807. The natural increase is 1800:1 million, 1820:1.75million and 1860:4 million for slave families. And “Up Country” whitesociety, the 1/3 versus 2/3 are means up country/ white trash. For planterresponses, the first phenomenon in “Southern democracy” is that sheriffs’life stock, it has 30 days is deadline and has the opportunity to get rich.