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Lab 9 - China has set a great example for other nations by...

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Macronutrient deficiencies and excesses in China exist mainly due to the economic availability and prices of food available. There is a large gap between the rich and poor and just as many are overweight as underweight. Some of the rich have an excess of fat in their diet and the poor often lack adequate protein. Higher macronutrient intake from cereals in China has been associated with lower BMI, lower total cholesterol, and lower LDL Cholesterol. However, when the intake of cereal was higher than 75% of the total diet there is a significant increase in the number of underweight individuals. Because cereals are China’s staple grain they are largely available to all of China’s population, however the rich are able to afford more protein and fat while the poor survive mainly on cereals, increasing their risk of malnutrition.
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Unformatted text preview: China has set a great example for other nations by adding iodine to their salt in 1994, which has greatly improved their past problems with goiter disease. However, China is still facing diseases such as rickets due to vitamin D deficiency and anemia due to Iron and Folate deficiency. Folate deficiency is a major concern, contributing to China having the highest rate of neural tube defects in the world. I found the fact that China is experiencing about an equal number of underweight health issues and overweight health issues in their society the most interesting part of exploring nutrition patterns of this nation. http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/129/5/994 http://www.dsm.com/en_US/html/dcn/nutrition_improvement.htm...
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