nervous system

nervous system - 472 Pathology for the Health Professions...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 472 Pathology for the Health Professions Fl Cliomas Hyperflexion injury of spinal Neurofibroma Global ischemia of the brain cord Olj odendro liorna Hematomas, epidural Int-racerebral hemorrhages Par inson’s 'sease Hematomas, subarachnoid Medullohlastoma Ps chosis Heniatomas, subdural Meningioma Sc wannoma Huntington’s disease Menin 'tis Stroke '5 Hyperextension injury of spinal Multip e sclerosis Watershed (brain) infarct I cord Neurodegenerative disorders Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome" l Learmng Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: “‘ 1. Describe the basic anatomy of the nervous system. 1‘ 2. Describe the morphology and function of the principal cells of the nervous system: neurons, astroglia, oligo— .Ir dendroglia, rnicroglia, and ependymal cells. _/-- 3. Ljstdthe principal functions of the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, pons, medulla oblongata, cerebellum. and spinal Fi‘ cor . 4. Describe the pathogenesis of dysraphic malformations of the central nervous system and list three typical lesions. I """ 5. Describe the main cerebrospinal lesions caused by trauma. ‘5‘ 6. Compare epidural, subarachnoid, and subdural hematoma. \ 7. Discuss the causes and pathology of cerebrovascular accidents (strokes). 8. Describe the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid and the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. a“ 9. Describe the route of infections of the central nervous system and the pathology of meningitis, encephalitis, and m. cerebral abscess. d1 10. Describe the main neuropathologtc features of acquired immunodefimency—related encephalopathy m \l 1. (Diesel-Erie multiple sclerosns, discuss its pathogenesis, and describe the pnnmpal neuropathologic findings of this “, ease. ‘12. Deseribe the neuropathology of alcoholism. “E 13. Define Alzheirner’s disease, describe the main pathologic findings in the brain, and correlate these with the clin- . ical symptoms of this disease. fr- “ 14. Describe the pathology of Parkinson‘s disease and Huntington‘s disease and correlate the pathologic findings fl with typical symptoms. fi' 15. List the five most common brain tumors and describe their pathologic and clinical features II- mane 1 p l: {l _ l'lll'llll'l' Hululix'itle-Il illtn Ilw lnillhi'tlin. [.unla. illlll [In-(lulla ‘l Normal and uhlnrlgulu. 'l‘ho‘ vt-n-hrunl. which I'l'lH't'r-ul'lllh' lln- Iurgvr-l lizu'l ” nf' Ilu- hruin. is organized iIItu Inn lli-‘llll‘fillll'l'l'i than. IIIIII" 1‘ Illmllngic'ull)‘. fllJiIl‘ill' ltll'llilt'fill.‘ Ill‘\'l'l'[lll‘ll'.‘1h. (mu nl‘ Ilau-In i.- '1 (l<Il]1ll]illll (n'vr' the other. 'l'hl- lII'IlIlHIIlH'I'I'h .'Ir'|* ('nnrnrr‘llid " Thu- nr’rvnuh H}.‘1[1‘lll l'(>llthlr-i nl‘ lwn inn-I'rl-nlml iltll'lh: Ihr- (‘t‘llll'fll III"I'\'1Ill!-'- H}'hl('[l] [(JNHJ. \Vlllt'll I'urnprisi-n llu- hrnin and [lu- spinal rur-rl. null IlH' [it-J'iphI-I'nl [ll'l'\'l?ll:‘- through a nlIInIn-r nl't':lll:ll|is-I1I'r-, the must i-r‘nnlim-nl ul' " M fill-111.“ hivh lJ]t'ltI¢lI‘w uln- nm-ir.l...-.-=.I ,,,I,: ,u, ‘ .. .. «~10. «rt 1. 1‘2. 13. ~14. 15. 16. “ 17. 13. 19. 20. 52] . 22. 2:1. ‘24. ‘25. 26. 27. 23. 29. Q” 30. 31. k 32. Review Questions List the main components of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Describe. the functions of the. four major lobes of the brain. Compare the functions of the Iniril'nr'ain. polls. and ntmlulla ohlollgata with that of the cerebellum. Deseribe. the. function of the spinal cord. Describe the circulation of the eerebrospinal fluid. List the main cells of the nervous system. \‘i-"bat What List the. main elysraphit‘ disorders of the ventral nervous systetn and tlest-ril'te their pathogenesis. are "It? "105T lIIIJJOITBI'II ditiflilfiflf-‘I (If [i]? nervous hiyh‘l'fll'll? art- the sites of brain herniation eausetl by intl‘at't'anial hypertension? List the most important int'ral'ranial hemorrhages atnl Llest-ril'te their causes. \Vhat stroke? W’hat is global cerebral ESL-hernia. and what are its ("t'lnst'tfut’llt‘t'fits? \Vbat is the pathogenesis of “watershed infarets" and laminar net'rosis of the brain? Deserihe the pathology of eerehral infarcts. Correlate the pathology of intraeerel'tral hemorrhage with the (‘linieal Features of this disease. What are the main pathologitr findings following brain injury? (Jotnpare ltyperexlension anal hyperflexion injuries of the cervical spine. Compare barterial and viral infections of the eentral nervous system. What are. prions? List the most important protozoa! and fungal causes of opportunistit- diseases ol' the central nervous Compare the pathology of encephalitis anrl meningitis. Describe the “natures of neurosyphilis. ‘\" What are the most important AIDS—related central nervous system lesions ‘Wiaat is multiple selerusis? system. Correlate the palhologit' features of ntultiple selenlsis with the elini ‘all signs and syntptt'uns of this disease. How rlo inborn errors of nletabolistn after! the central nervous systent? W’hat is the eaIISe and what are the signs of W'erniel-te-Korsakoft' syntlrmne? How does aleobol affect the brain? What are the [Host important neonJtlegenerative diseases? W’hat is Alzlleinler‘s tilisease. and bow is it tliagnosetl? Desc'l'ibe the tnat't'oseupit' and tnitrroseotitit' pathologie lintlings in Alzheimer‘s disease. “"113! is Parkinson's disease? ...
View Full Document

Page1 / 2

nervous system - 472 Pathology for the Health Professions...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online