Genetic Engineering Persuasive Essay

Genetic Engineering Persuasive Essay - GENETIC ENGINEERING...

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GENETIC ENGINEERING History The history of genetic engineering can be traced back to historic times. Animal and plant breeders have found ways to alter and change genes to their advantage for thousands of years. For example, yeast fermentation was used to manipulate the seeds. But the actual science of genetic engineering came much later. Genetic engineering is based on genetics, a science started from the early 1900’s, based on experiments by the Austrian monk, Gregor Mendel. Genetic engineers in the past have created important plants, vegetables, grains, cows, horses, dogs, and cats. Uses There are many applications of genetic engineering in our everyday life. Progress in this field has impacted technology in several areas and has contributed towards many benefits of humankind. Unfortunately, like all science, there are both positive and negative uses. Medicine - Genetic engineering is able to treat many illnesses and conditions with the human body which were previously much more harmful. Many medicines and treatments are available only because of this technology. Today, there are drugs and vaccines which have the ability to treat cancer, Alzheimer's disease, heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, AIDS, and arthritis. Genetic engineering is present in such items like home pregnancy tests too. This industry has the potential to do things many other drugs can't. Genetic engineering also helps in healthcare through the use of a bacterium to produce medically useful chemicals. Agriculture - Much of the food we eat are in some way connected to genetic engineering. In fact, about 60 percent of our food has some sort of biotechnology in it. By taking traits from one organism and putting it into a food, the food can be altered in many ways, like having it last longer, taste better, and grow faster and larger. It can also be designed to be more immune to certain diseases. With less farmers and a greater need of food, genetic engineering can be the savior for this very important field. Industry - The ability of bacteria to produce chemicals can be used in other areas as well, such as in the cheese industry. Also, genetically related advances and business is booming. Terrorism – The former Soviet Union used traits in many organisms to make biological weapons and viruses never before heard of. One scenario is that by using recombinant DNA methods, they might have taken the lethality of Ebola, combined it with the worst part of anthrax, and to top it off, made it extremely contagious by including parts of the smallpox virus. In fact, the USSR was so
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