WEEK_2_outlines - Ren Descartes: Foundation of Modern...

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René Descartes: Foundation of Modern Thought in Human Rationality I. The Search for a Foundation of Knowledge: The Question of Truth A. Rejection of inherited knowledge B. Use of doubt as method 1. Sense-perception and dreams II. Doubt and the “Cogito”: I think, therefore I am (cogito ergo sum) A. The “thing that thinks” B. Mind vs. Body: the subjective turn C. The Wax and the problem of reality D. Immortality of the soul/mind I. Idealism: Definition and Representatives A. versus empiricism B. Kant and the limits of knowing C. Hegel’s move beyond Kant: the dialectic D. Radical Enlightenment optimism: total knowability, science as transparency of Spirit II. Reason in History=Rational Plan A. versus opposition of history and philosophy; history not random B. Idea of Reason in Nature C. Idea of Reason in History: conscious , evolutionary self-knowledge of humanity
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2008 for the course CHID 250 taught by Professor Wendywiseman during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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