042508 - 4/25 Christopher Jones 1945 History of nuclear...

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Unformatted text preview: 4/25 Christopher Jones 1945 History of nuclear weapons = history of Cold War and vice versa Legacy: - Collection of unwritten rules/conventions of the international regime which seems to have so far governed the use of nuclear weapons by states which possess Written rules, international treaties/agencies/protocols o o Monitor/verifying adherence to rules Cover both weapons and places (not just nuclear, but chemical and other etc) (international atomic energy) - Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty o o o Eurasian Range of 5000 types of weapons Reagan, gorbachev - Related treaties mainly focused on Eurasia o o 1990 conventional weapons atlantic to urals Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (91/93) o o o Bilat: US & USSR in I, Russian Federation in II Global nuclear weapons Monitoring and destruction Unprecedented: both sides could expect the other to follow 1992 Biological Weapons Protocol (still going on) 1995 Indefinite Renewal of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty US hasn't ratified CTBTO organization in Vienna Still monitors even though treaty hasn't been ratified by US Gorbachev initiated treaties and with Reagan and Bush I ended Cold War Impacted: Unific a tio n of G er m a n y, r e s t o r a tio n of G er m a n p o w e r (?) Euro p e a n Unio n 1 9 9 2 Ne w s y s t e m in pl a c e - Nucl e a r w e a p o n s & civilia n n u cl e a r p o w e r g e n e r a tio n s y s t e m s int ell e c t u al/ e c o n o mic c a p's t o pr o d u c e t h e s e t hi n g s t h e y will n e v e r di s a p p e ar. Will alw a y s b e p o w e rf ul e n o u g h t o d e s tr oy w h ol e s t a t e s USSR, Nazi, Jap a n e s e , Fre n c h, Britis h e m pir e s h a v e all di s a p p e a r e d a n d o t h e r s h a v e a p p e a r e d in le s s t h a n a life s p a n of a n u cl e a r p o w e r pl a n t - St a t e s t o d a y (s olution t o n u cl e a r t e c h n olo g y): - Ca n pr o d u c e t h eir o w n n u cl e a r w e a p o n s al m o s t a n y o n e c a n d o it w ork o u t h o w h a vin g w e a p o n s pl a y s o u t in y o ur s e c u rity/ n a tio n al p o sitio n in t h e mix of e v e r y t hi n g e Borrow n u cl e a r w e a p o n s fro m o t h e r s t a t e s o So m e ti m e s m or e e c o n o mic al - G e t a n u cl e a r s e c u rity g u a r a n t e e fro m a n uk e s t a t e o o US is t h e o nly c o u n t ry s till h a n di n g t h e s e o u t Jap a n , s o u t h kor e a , Taiw a n, NATO m e m b e r s t hr o u g h bil a t e r al tr e a ti e s NATO's e n d u rin g si g nific a n c e is t h a t it is t h e sin gl e m o s t eff e c tiv e n o n-pr olif er a tio s y s t e m - e v e r y s t a t e c o uld b e a n u cl e a r p o w e r its elf, b u t it is isn't t h e y h a v e r eli o n Am e ric a n g u a r a n t e e = b e d r o ck of n o n-pr olifer a tio n s y s t e m - Sig n 1 9 9 5 Non-pr olifer a tio n Tre a t y o o Tho s e w h o h a v e n't si g n e d h a v e t h eir o w n pl u t o ni u m Off er s n e g a tiv e s e c u rity g u a r a n t e e s if y o u si g n t hi s tr e a t y t h e 5 n u cl e a r w e a p o n s t a t e s will n o t a t t a c k y o u wit h n u cl e a r w e a p o n s a s lo n g y o u a bi d e b y t h e r ul e s. C giv e w e a p o n s t o si g n a t o ri e s t o fig h t o t h e r si g n a t o ri e s. - Sig n t h e r e gio n al e q uiv al e n t of t h e NPT o Nucl e a r w e a p o n s fr e e zo n e s NOT h a vi n g w e a p o n s c o u n t s for s o m e t hi n g - Join other regional organizations t hat are not involved with security but overlap with cer tain other security organizations, " borrowing " security agreement o European Union, NATO - Become a de mocracy o idea is that democracies don't fight other de mocracies m oral obligration, etc. Each state MUST do something, can't pretend that nukes don't exist. ...
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