043008 - 4/30/08 The Third World in the Cold War Other...

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4/30/08 – The Third World in the Cold War Other countries that emerged post World War II 1946-1962 - Southern hemisphere, east, etc. – end of colonialism, surge of nationalism - Third world is interwoven with Cold War o US wanted these countries to come into B.W. – free trade, investment o USSR saw US-dominated order as threatening o Became battlefield of ideologies – neither power took seriously that countries should determine their own destinies – violations of sovereignty Background to Interventions - Decolonization - Non-alignment (Bandung Conference, 1955) o Could blocs of small countries influence global events? o 1.5 billion population among 29 countries at Bandung o Common interests (different from US/USSR collective action, 3 rd World Solidarity o Common platform Anti-war Human rights Ending poverty Self-defense Interests of Majority over powerful Socialist leaning – worried US o In the end, was hard to remain non-aligned because of infighting and the need for Western investment help with economies - Third World as conceptual entity o Both sides looked at this area as where they could compete without actually fight directly
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o Countries of 3 rd world wanted to avoid exploitation, neocolonialism, and wanted to modernize - Competing economic models o Soviet industrialization offered model rural urbanization Beat Germany almost single-handedly Now a Great Power - Containment NSC-68 US policy on 3 rd World o Kennan argued it was only vital to protect strategic areas
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043008 - 4/30/08 The Third World in the Cold War Other...

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