040208 International System

040208 International System - Lecture 2 The International...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 2 The International System April 2, 2008 Systems an aggregation of units that interact Components the units (states) relative power nature of interactions Units States: political units that maintain a monopoly of violence within their borders and make rules governing their populations Historically: empires, city-states, duchies, principalities Sources of National Power Power: “A has power over B to the extent that he can get B to do something B would not otherwise do.” –Robert Dahl Military: size, technology, organization Economic: GDP/capita, population “Soft” power (legitimacy) Foreign policy Providing public goods/aid Diplomacy/persuasion Values/ideology Culture /media image Increases in power Economic development and growth Technology Expansion of territory and acquisition of new resources Unification/nationalism Declines in power Slow economy Internal problems Overextension of empires Not enough investment Implications Institutions frozen in time, but not power Since 1970s: dispersion of power Interaction I: Institutions Set of principles, rules and procedures Facilitate cooperation In principle, make everyone better off Formal and informal Interaction II: Norms Consensus about appropriate behavior Automatic and internalized Punished by disapproval International norms Can come into conflict with each other Norm of sovereignty in question Interaction III: Ideology Idea about how a political system should be In 20th century, major competition over ideologies Today, smaller ideological disagreements Identity politics replacing ideology? ...
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