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PSY311chapter2 - Ch 2 Self Concept Who am I Self-schemas...

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Ch. 2 Self Concept: Who am I? Self-schemas: beliefs by which we define/categorize ourselves which guide the processing of self-relevant information i.e. If you consider yourself athletic you will tend to notice others’ bodies and skills, you will quickly recall sports-related experiences, and you will welcome information that is consistent with your self-schema confirmation bias: events that confirm a strongly held belief are more readily perceived and remembered Self-reference effect: the tendency to process efficiently and remember well information related to oneself i.e. if asked to compare ourselves to a character in a story, we often remember that character better than if we had read the story but were not asked to do so Development of Social Self – what determines our self concepts? Genetic influences on personality The roles we play The social identities we form Groups/categories that you put yourself in i.e. race, religion, gender, academic major, jock, goth, etc. The comparison we make with others Social comparison: evaluating one’s abilities and opinions by comparing oneself with others Others around us help define the standard by which we define ourselves as rich or poor, smart or dumb, etc. Social comparison diminish our satisfaction – when we experience an increase in affluence, status, or achievement, we tend to “compare upward” and raise the standards by which we evaluate ourselves Our successes and failures How other people judge us The surrounding culture Individualism: The concept of giving priority to one’s own goals over group goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications Supports the independent self Western culture is embraces the idea that your life will be enriched by defining yourself and believing in the power of personal control Collectivism: Giving priority to the coals of one’s groups (often one’s extended family or work group) and defining one’s identity accordingly Supports the interdependent self – construing one’s identity in relation to others Eastern culture typically embraces collectivism 1
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Ch. 2 Independent Interdependent Identity is… Personal, defined by individual traits/goals Social, defined by connections with others What matters Me – personal achievement and fulfillment; my rights and liberties We – group goals and solidarity; our social responsibilities and relationships Disapproves of… Conformity
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