GGR 107 lecutre 6 - GGR 107 Environment Food and People...

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1 Module # 3 Agriculture and Human Society. Lecture October 9th: The Origins of agriculture GGR 107 Environment → Food and →People
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2 Readings from Clive Ponting for Module # 3 Chapter 4 The First Great Transition Chapter 5 Destruction and Survival Chapter 6 The Long Struggle
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3 Module # 3 Agriculture and Human Society Origins of agriculture Diffusion of agriculture Domestication of animals Non-food outputs from the land Irrigation Enclosure and privatisation Trade and the global economy Questions and alternative theories about the origins
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4 The Origins of Agriculture “About 10,000 years ago, after two million years of a highly stable and well-adjusted way of life, the methods humans used to obtain their food began to change in a number of locations across the globe.” Clive Ponting, A Green History of the World , page 36
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5 The Origins of Agriculture Before this transition , * humans lived * The First Great Transition (Ponting)
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6 The Origins of Agriculture Why did things begin to change 10,000 years ago? Was agriculture more efficient than The Kalahari bushmen are said to ‘work’ only 3 days per week.
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7 If the hunting and gathering system worked so well for so long, why change?
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8 The Origins of Agriculture Remember: As ecosystems evolve they tend to become more complex (ag. more complex ‘More complex’ does not necessarily mean ‘ more resilient
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9 The Origins of Agriculture Remember also: that the way people live is just another ecosystem - like the bacteria, the slime moulds and our other co-habitants on Planet Earth (Lovelock and others)
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2008 for the course GGR 107 taught by Professor White during the Fall '07 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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GGR 107 lecutre 6 - GGR 107 Environment Food and People...

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