Christianity - I. The Scope of Christianity A. B. C. 2...

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I. The Scope of Christianity A. 2 Billion in world – 1/3 of population B. Early days Christians worships in catacombs C. Christians built churches on wagons II. Jesus A. Only common focal point between all different branches B. Publicly appeared in Palestine around the year 30 1. Visible with John the Baptizer a) Would preach about how people should repent and change their ways in fear of God b) Repentance through Baptism in the river c) Roman tyranny blocked nonsupernatural hope for Jews unless they favored with Rome d) He was soon executed C. Preached that the Kingdom of God was at Hand 1. Practice forbearing love and nonresistance of evil because God will be dealing with it in judgment and be as perfect as God a) John’s message was only of repentance and following justice D. Performed Miracles/mingled with both sexes and all classes E. Used stories, parables and simple aphorisms to make points F. After a year or two left Galilee to Jerusalem 1. Was expected to be a figurehead against Rome and the collaborating Jewish elite 2. A week in Jerusalem the decision was made to kill Jesus
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III. The Early Jesus Movement A. Some thought Jesus referred to himself as the one that would stand on the clouds during judgment day B. Christianity was communal before Jesus died as it was the disciples who learnt all of Jesus’ working and saw all of his miracles C. On the Friday after his death his tomb was empty and he was seen walking around a garden D. 40 Days later he appeared and then went to heaven E. On Pentecost people were shaken by a spiritual force they were certain was the holy spirit of God 1. These apostles began preaching IV. Paul A. Originally preach anti-Christian beliefs 1. Fell to the ground and saw Christ B. Became Christianity’s first theologian 1. Saw himself as the apostle to the Gentiles C. Did not mean that they didn’t have to follow Jewish law 1. Had to believe in the “Gospel” or good word a) They would then be brought into his oneness with God b) As a free gift- not from one’s merits D. Jesus’ death broke the sway of sin and death in the world V. Christianity in the Roman World A. Factors helping the spread of Christianity 1. Weakening the Jerusalem church 2. Demise of the temple
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3. Diaspora B. People began to write down what was said by Jesus (end of first century) 1. Synoptic Gospels – First three of the Gospels a) Mark – written first b) Matthew c) Luke 2. Gospel of John – took a different point of view 3. Epistles – written by Paul earlier than Gospels C. Concern shifts from apocalyptic colors to sorting out truth D. Church organization took place 1. Gathered first secretly to avoid legal problems 2. Eucharist – giving thanks E. Shifted from showing continuity with Judaism to showing compatibility
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2008 for the course RL ST 001 taught by Professor Smith,curtisd during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Christianity - I. The Scope of Christianity A. B. C. 2...

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