APBiology- Systems test review 2

APBiology- Systems test review 2 - Large Intestine Long...

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RESPIRATORY Alveoli: Moist and provides increased surface area for the exchange of Oxygen and Carbon dioxide. Also located close to blood capillaries to promote absorption of oxygen and carbon dioxide into the bloodstream. Gills: Outgrowths of the body. Creates a large surface area over which gas exchange occurs. Inside the gills, oxygen is removed for the body and carbon dioxide is delivered as waste. DIGESTIVE Small intestine: Wall is the source of enzymes that help digest proteins, lipids, and nucleotides. Its large surface area aids w/ absorption. Mouth & saliva: Saliva is secreted in the mouth and helps the break down of starches into disaccharides. The chewing of the mouth and teeth also breaks down food into small, digestible boluses. Aids in absorption of the food particles.
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Unformatted text preview: Large Intestine: Long tube responsible for reabsorption of water to form solid feces. Contains a rectum to store the waste and an anus to dispose of it. EXCRETORY Kidney: Contains filtering tubes called nephrons. Kidneys produce water waste able to pass through the bladder and eventually through the urethra. Nephron- Contains complex of tubules to carry waste. Is the site of filtration, secretion, and reabsorption. Bladder: Has openings where the Ureter tubes are connected to bring water waste from the kidneys. The bladder then stores the waste. Then it releases the water waste through a tube called the urethra where the water waste is released from the body....
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