Module Six Notes Presentation -1

Module Six Notes Presentation -1 - Medieval Culture Content...

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Medieval Culture
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Content Goals and Objectives: Goal 6 – Medieval Society and Culture The student will examine the various social structures and intellectual, scientific, literature, and architectural movements of medieval Europe. 6.03 Outline the causes and effects of the growth of towns and trade in medieval Europe. 6.04 Evaluate the causes and effects of developments of learning and education in medieval Europe. 6.05 Summarize the developments of science and technology in medieval Europe. 6.06 Categorize the different forms of literature of medieval Europe and their influence on the culture of Europe. 6.07 Reconstruct the developments of architecture in medieval Europe including but not limited to Romanesque and Gothic forms.
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The Rise of Universities Medieval Universities got their start as educational guilds The first Medieval University was in Bologna, Italy . The students at the school formed their own guild in 1158. Later came the University of Paris, and then the University at Oxford England
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Areas of Study Students in medieval universities studied the following subjects Grammar: The proper way to write Rhetoric: Public speaking, learning how to make arguments (debate) Logic: Using reason Arithmetic: Basic Math Geometry Music Astronomy
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Teaching Style Books were rare and expensive in the Middle Ages. The main method of teaching was by lecture. Teachers would read from books and students would take notes. There were not regular exams given, but when a student applied for a degree, they were given an exam.
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Universities As new kingdoms and the Church grew during the early Middle Ages, so did the need for educated administrators. Prior to the 1100s, education had taken place within monasteries or in large urban cathedrals run by bishops. Muslim schools in cities such as Cordoba and Baghdad had preserved and promoted the study of writings from ancient Greece and Rome. stimulated a renewed interest in classical writings Groups of students and teachers in Europe would gather to study in groups known as “ guilds,” or
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Universities A map of medieval European universities The first European universities developed in Salerno and Bologna, Italy. Others were established in Paris, France, and Oxford and Cambridge in England.
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Medieval Architecture During the 11 th and 12 th centuries there was a boom in architecture and building. Originally buildings were built in a Basilica style which consisted of a rectangular building with a flat wooden roof. Later, Romanesque architecture replaced this flat roof with a rounded arch. Chartres Cathedral in France, a prime example of medieval Gothic architecture
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Romanesque Architecture Romanesque architecture developed to have some specific traits.
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