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October 24, 2007

October 24, 2007 - ii Vertical integration when a farmer...

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October 24, 2007 1. Events helped increase farming in US a. Trans-continental railroad b. Technology i. Steel plow- john Deere ii. Reaper- invented by McCormick- cut grain c. Hybrid seed d. Corn Belt- Ohio West to Nebraska e. Wheat Belt- Texas to Alberta f. Winter wheat- planted in the fall, harvested mid summer g. Spring Wheat- plant in the spring and harvest late summer 2. Dairy Farming- around the Great Lakes- marginal soil a. Number of dairy farms is decreasing but milk production is increasing b. 1800-1920- agriculture expanded c. 1920-1940’s- cost increased, shift from animals to tractors i. Protectionism- tariffs were raised, resulted in a reduction in trade d. After 1940’s- farms are more like the city i. Family farms are disappearing
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Unformatted text preview: ii. Vertical integration when a farmer will contract with a processing house or a certain crop and a set production 3. Fishing a. Trap nets- used in deep water, net unfolds and creates a wall b. Seine- shallow water, net gets smaller and smaller to pick out fish c. Fish farms- raise fish to sell October 24, 2007 i. Sustainable yield- regulate the take so that the number loss can be replaced naturally ii. Tragedy of commons- not enough of the species left to reproduce 4. Straddling stock- species crosses boundaries 5. Forest- a. Canada- majority of forest is a government i. Majority of forest is privately owned b. Reforestation- replant trees that you harvest c....
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