HIST 360 PAPER 1 - 21 October 2015(Title The new world...

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21 October 2015 (Title) The new world embraced a “chattel” slave system that relied economically on the plantation system; but prior to this slavery originally existed in African territories as a way to pay off debts and crimes. The Europeans unintentionally discovered the African slavery system while travelling the continent in an attempt to maximize trade with Asia and India. The European’s discovery, in turn, lead to Europe rapidly developing into a powerful capitalist nation. The emergence of a chattel slavery system and racial oppression towards people of color could not be avoided because the era of colonization forced Africa to depend on aid from wealthy nations. These dire economic circumstances in Africa, along with the new world’s high demand for labor in the cash crops business, allowed Europeans to forcefully migrate millions of newly captured African to the new world. The enslaved Africans had no choice but to succumb to European rule and attempt to live through the harshness of slavery. The new world possessed a strong desire to further its wealth and economic status, and slavery was a method to maximize labor capacity at the lowest possible cost. The new world was motivated by their own economic ambitions during the process of adopting a new system of slavery because free labor, even though it meant greatly oppressing an entire race, was the ideal way to maximize profits. Capitalism is defined as an economic system based on individual and isolated ownership of capital, manufactured inputs, and for-profit production of commodities and
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services. From the late seventeenth century up until the nineteenth century, Great Britain was constantly in pursuance of gaining more wealth and power. Great Britain showed capitalistic tendencies by introducing and continuously maintaining the transatlantic slave trade. Consequently Europe’s quest for colonialism and the transatlantic slave trade weakened Africa’s economic infrastructure by forcing monetary reliance on outside nations. Great Britain’s capitalist society allowed slavery to flourish all over the world. African’s dire economic circumstances forced them to abide to Great Britain’s rule instead of standing by their local governments. The emergence of New World cash crops created an extremely high demand for labor in the colonies. Prior to the adoption of African slaves, Native Americans and indentured servants were mostly used as the colonies the main labor source because America’s small population. However numerous complications involving harsh labor conditions pushed plantation owners to turn to slavery as their main source of labor in order to maximize their capital. A functioning free market is crucial in a capitalist nation, and since capitalism defined slaves as private property, the government allowed owners to use their own discretion in the treatment of “their property”. Capitalistic beliefs within the free market and the ongoing competition for wealth caused civilized men to engage in appalling behavior. The slave system made plantation owners accumulate wealth very
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