Brittany - Brittany(Bretagne FR 139 Geography Current...

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Brittany ( Bretagne ) FR 139
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Geography Current capital: Rennes Former capital (duchy): Nantes Primarily flat Atlantic climate; mild, humid
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Pre-history First known monuments date to 5,000 B.C. Dolmens (from daol “table” and maen “table”) Menhir (maen “stone”; hir “high”) Carnac: southern coast, beside Gulf of Morbihan
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Carnac Erected during Neolithic period (4,500 to 2,000 B.C.) Ancestors?
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Carnac
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History (cont’d) 56 B.C., area conquered by Julius Caesar 4th/5th century B.C. Britons immigrate Give region its name
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Kingdom(s) of Brittany High Middle Ages (476-1453) Two then three Kingdoms United as one 9th century (851 Treaty of Angers) Viking invasions 1488: Kingdom of France defeats Breton army
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Anne de Bretagne After death of her father, François II of Brittany, marries Maximilien 1st, enemy of French King Charles VIII takes city of Nantes, “forces” Anne to marry him
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Breton Culture Internal divisions: East/West, Roman/ Celtic
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  • Fall '07
  • EILDERTS,LUKELAV
  • Brittany, Breton, France defeats Breton, contemporary Breton life, Regionalist movement, Breton Culture

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