Poly Sci Chap 3 - Federalism The Logic of American Politics...

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Federalism Chapter Three  The Logic of American Politics
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American-Style Federalism In a federal system, authority is divided between two or more distinct levels of government. In the United States the division is between the national (federal) government and the states.
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American-Style Federalism Federalism: Mixes elements of a confederation (lower level has real power) and a unitary government (national level monopolizes constitutional authority). Before adopting a federal system in the Constitution the nation had experienced both of these alternatives. Monarchy/parliament – unitary. Articles of Confederation – confederation.
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Qualifications of Federal Systems A government must have constitutional relations across levels, interactions that satisfy three general conditions: 1. The same people and territory are included in both levels of government. 2. The nation’s constitution protects units at each level of government from encroachment by the other units. 3. Each unit is in a position to exert some leverage over the other.
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Dual Federalism This type of federalism leaves the states and the national government presiding over mutually exclusive “spheres of sovereignty.” From the early days of quite limited responsibility for the national government, nationalization has shifted authority to the national side and away from state governments. Today the national government has a hand in almost all policies that “concern the lives” of the citizenry. Dual federalism no longer describes that nature of federal-state relations.
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Shared Federalism The second and more accurate conception of federalism is called shared (or “cooperative”) federalism. It recognizes that the national and state governments jointly supply services to the citizenry. Over the years progressive nationalization has moved American federalism from mostly dual to mostly shared .
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Shared Federalism As national politicians sought to expand their authority over the years, they discovered that the wall between the federal government and the states was not invincible. The Constitution leaves ample room for a variety of federal-state relations. 10 th Amendment
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The Constitution and Federalism The greatest victory of states’ righters during the Constitutional Convention was the creation of a Senate whose members were to be selected by the state legislatures. Thus senators are beholden to the state legislators.
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Federalism The ratification of the Constitution was by state conventions that directly represented the people, not by the state governments themselves . Thus the people created the government,
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2008 for the course PL SC 001 taught by Professor Gold,suzannemcampbell,thomasc during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Poly Sci Chap 3 - Federalism The Logic of American Politics...

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