ch 11 Notes - We the People, Sixth edition by Benjamin...

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Unformatted text preview: We the People, Sixth edition by Benjamin Ginsberg, Theodore J. Lowi, and Margaret Weir Chapter 11. Groups and Interests Interest Group Pluralism James Madisons Federalist #10 provides a basis for understanding the strengths and weaknesses of interest group politics in the United States. By a faction I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.--James Madison, Federalist #10 Madison believed that by expanding the number of factions in a society, you could render factions less dangerous to the rights of others or the interests of the community. Pluralism: the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government, with an outcome of compromise and moderation The Character of Interest Groups Interest Groups form: To increase the chance that their views will be heard To influence government To represent interests and encourage political participation Some interest groups organize because they have a direct economic interest in government policies. Examples of such business and agricultural groups include: National Association of Manufacturers American Farm Bureau Federation Organized labor organizations are important interest groups in Washington politics. Examples include: AFL-CIO Teamsters International Lady Garment Workers Union Professional associations like the American Medical Association American Bar Association also try to influence the government. Some groups, like public interest groups and ideological groups...
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ch 11 Notes - We the People, Sixth edition by Benjamin...

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