Poly Sci Chap 7 - Framers and the Presidency Framers...

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Framers and the Presidency Framers rejected a plural executive. The executive would contain none of the internal checks provided by competition for influence among its members. They gave the executive enough resources for coordinating national responses during emergencies but insufficient authority to usurp the Constitution. Two presidencies. Leadership moves toward the office during moments of national urgency. But it does not involve suspension of the constitutional prerogatives that belong to the other institutions.
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The Presidency & the Constitution President’s duties/authority found in ARTICLE II Commander in chief. Chief diplomat. Executive. Legislator. Constitutional powers ambiguous and limited, yet president is considered quite powerful. Most of the president’s day-to-day business is based on: Authority derived from public laws in which Congress delegates responsibility or discretion to the chief executive.
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The President As Commander in Chief and Head of State The Constitution: president is commander in chief of the nation’s armed forces. Founders had some difficulty giving one individual control over the military. Checked the president’s powers by making it so ONLY CONGRESS can declare war. The authority of commander in chief provides the president with broad license . Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus that prevented the Union Army from detaining civilians suspected of spying. Did not consult Congress.
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The President As Commander in Chief and Head of State War Powers Act of 1973 The president can commit troops only when war has been declared, specific statutory authority, or national emergency created by an attack on the US or its military Required a written report to Congress within 2 days of a commitment and required ending the commitment within 60 days unless Congress declares war The commitment could be extended for 30 additional days if the president certified to Congress that military conditions required it Congress may order to disengagement of troops before the end of the 60 days Not too effective over time
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The President As Head of State The most important limitation on the president’s leadership in foreign affairs is the requirement that a two- thirds majority of the Senate ratify treaties. Rejected WWI peace treaty. Wilson’s League of Nations . Not as limiting a check today due to the use of executive agreements which are exempt from Senate ratification. Statements of understanding between the administration and a foreign government that are intended to implement a broader agreement contained in a treaty Can have policy implications Cannot supersede U.S. law, and it remains “in force” as long as the parties find their interests well served by it
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The President As Chief Executive Article II of the Constitution: “the executive power shall be vested in a president of the united states of America.”
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