Poly Sci Chap 8 - The Bureaucracy A bureaucracy is a...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Bureaucracy A bureaucracy is a diverse collection of departments, agencies, bureaus, commissions, and other units of the executive branch that carry out national policies. The roots of the bureaucracy are found in the Constitution: authorizes Congress to make laws and and the president to see that they are faithfully executed.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Modest Beginnings: The Dilemma of Delegation Larger departments were subdivided into a few more specialized offices called bureaus . Congress set up single officials to be responsible for the departments’ operations. It was unclear whether they should report to Congress or the president. The Constitution was also ambiguous as to whether or not the president could also remove officials. This issue was later resolved to give the president sole removal power.
Image of page 2
Modest Beginnings: The Dilemma of Delegation The advantages of delegation were clear: A unified executive could efficiently implement the laws passed by Congress. What if the executive attempted to pursue ends contrary to those of congressional majorities? The resolution: Delegate, but incorporate institutional controls that would maintain the agencies’ responsiveness to Congress. This was accomplished primarily through the power of the purse.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Federalist Years: A Reliance on Respectability Officials were sometimes required to post bonds of money or property that they would forfeit if they failed to perform their duties. Heavy fines were imposed for taking bribes. Customs and alcohol tax collectors received a share of the proceeds from the sale of goods they seized from smugglers. During this period, civil servants served their tenure during good behavior. They were rarely dismissed. They even passed positions on to their sons.
Image of page 4
Democratization of the Civil Service: The Spoils System Andrew Jackson challenged the use of federal offices as private property. Jackson advocated rotation in office. Officials would serve in positions for a short, fixed period, then move on to something else. Thus democratization of the civil service was also motivated by pragmatic politics, and thus the spoils system was born. Practice of the winning party dispensing government jobs.
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Characteristics of Bureaucracy Bureaucracies embody: Hierarchical structures of authority A division of labor. A consistent set of rules regarding what is to be done and who is to do it. Treating everyone in the same category regardless of who they are. A career system, with appointment and advancement by demonstrated merit. Specified goals toward which the collective action is aimed.
Image of page 6
Civil Service Reform Under Jackson, the federal administration did not become fully bureaucratized.
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '07
  • GOLD,SUZANNEMCAMPBELL,THOMASC
  • United States Congress, Federal government of the United States, Independent agencies of the United States government

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern