HDFS Exam #2 - HDFS 129 Exam #2 On the Exam o Chapter 6...

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HDFS 129 Exam #2 On the Exam o Chapter 6 Parental depression p.187 Temperament p.190-196 Attachment 196-199 (not phases of attachment) Multiple attachments o Chapter 8 Emotional Development p 259-261 Gender typing 273-277 o Chapter 10 Peer relations p 339-342 Family influences p344-345 (not divorce) Trust vs. Mistrust o For infants, trust is a state of feeling confident that they are valued and their needs will be met o Fostered in infancy and established by 18 months through Mother-Infant interactions o Moro Reflex - wary of harsh stimuli in infants o Biologically- we are programmed to be wary of harsh stimuli o Socially- we are or are not protected from harsh stimuli by caregivers o Psychologically- we learn that the world is generally safe or not safe o The ability of the caregiver to soothe the infant is central to developing trust and attachment to caregivers o Two components found in Mother-Infant interaction that foster trust:
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Matching- presence of some or similar behaviors Synchrony- movement from one emotional state to another in a fluid pattern o *As time goes by, mother and baby learn to regulate amount of time that passes between the expression of a need and satisfying the need. DON’T CRY IT OUT o *When mothers respond quick and consistently, by the end of 1 st yr, they cry less Attachment- the strong bond (emotional) that children form with their mother. It is an intense emotional relationship that emerges over time. 7,8,9 months- separation anxiety John Bowlby- originator of attachment theory o Factors babies need to survive: Protection Exploration Very conflicting things, use mother as “secure-base” **We can only separate if we have a secure attachment** o Attachment Theory states: 1. Quality of infant attachment will be determined by quality of early care giving 2. Quality of early development will affect child’s later relationships o We look at the REUNION BEHAVIOR o Attachment Categories Securely Attached- use mother as secure base; exhibit distress @ mother leaving and stop exploration, and seek contact during reunion. (60%) Insecurely Attached Avoidant-rarely cry during separation and avoid mother @ reunion; indifferent to or dislike physical contact (20%) Insecurely Attached Ambivalent/Resistant- intensely distressed by separation yet during reunion they seemed to be ambivalent toward mother. Sought contact and pushed mother away (10%) Insecurely Attached Disorganized/Disoriented- show confusion as main response to conditions (10%) o Secure kids- less dependent on teachers in preschool, more cooperative and peaceful, responsive to friends’ requests (persistent in problem solving)
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o Insecure kids- more dependent, more aggressive w/ peers, more withdrawn o CAN INFANTS HAVE MULTIPLE ATTACHMENTS? They are highly selective in their choices of attachment figures
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2008 for the course HD FS 129 taught by Professor Mcaninch,susan during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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HDFS Exam #2 - HDFS 129 Exam #2 On the Exam o Chapter 6...

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