Philosophy Lecture Notes

Philosophy Lecture Notes - Philosophy Lecture Notes (Fall...

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Philosophy Lecture Notes (Fall 2008) Judeo-Christianity God: - All-powerful All-knowing -  “All good” Arguments: - Argument: A series of statements or premises (lead up to), given in support of another  statement, the conclusion. An argument supplies reasons for a conclusion Types of Arguments - Deductive argument: Premises claim to guarantee the truth of the conclusion. o If Spot is a dog, then spot is warm blooded o Spot is a dog o Therefore, Spot is warm blooded o Inductive argument: Premises claim to make the conclusion probable. Whenever I’ve studied for a test before, I’ve passed it. I’ve studied for this  test. Therefore, I’ll probably pass it.  Deductive Argument - Good deductive arguments are SOUND. o Sound arguments have two characteristics: Valid Have all true premises (the statements in support of the conclusion are  true)
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Validity - Valid argument: A deductive argument where it is impossible for the premises to be true  and the conclusion false. That is o If     the premises are true, the  conclusions must be true - Validity: Form not content o All beers are beverages
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This note was uploaded on 09/03/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Lynch during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Philosophy Lecture Notes - Philosophy Lecture Notes (Fall...

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