DIET - Krasnov 1 Krasnov Oleksandr Professor Lynn Cavallaro...

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Krasnov 1 Krasnov Oleksandr Professor Lynn Cavallaro English 52 19 February 2016 Diet to Prevent Death Diet is important factor in the promotion and maintenance of good health throughout the entire life. Role of diet as determinant of chronic non-communicable diseases is well established and it occupies a prominent position in prevention. The burden of chronic diseases is rapidly increasing worldwide. The proportion of the burden of NCDs is expected to increase to 57% by 2020. Almost half of the total chronic disease deaths are attributable to cardiovascular diseases; obesity and diabetes are also showing worrying trends, not only because they already affect a large proportion of the population, but because they have started to appear earlier in life. The chronic disease problem is far from being limited to the developed regions of the world. Contrary, developing countries are increasingly suffering from public health problems related to chronic diseases . It has been projected that, by 2020, chronic diseases will account for almost three-quarters of all deaths worldwide, and that 71% of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease (IHD), and 70% of deaths due to diabetes will occur in developing countries. On a global basis, 60% of the burden of chronic diseases will occur in developing countries. As for overweight and obesity, not only has the current prevalence already reached unprecedented levels, but the rate at which it is annually increasing in most developing regions is substantial. Diet has been known for many years to play a key role as a risk factor for chronic diseases. What is apparent at the global level is that great changes have swept the entire world, since the second half of the twentieth century, inducing major modifications in diet, first in industrial regions and more. Traditional, largely plant based diets have been swiftly replaced by high-fat, energy-dense diets with a substantial content of animal-based foods. Not only does chronic distance affect the body, physical inactivity also harms it.
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