Chapter_6_Study_Guide-2 - Chapter 6 Study Guide 1 List five...

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Chapter 6 Study Guide 1. List five reasons for deaf children’s academic underachievement when they finish school. The reasons for underachievement are complex involving etiology, level of hearing loss, parent hearing status, the nature of early environmental stimulation, and social factors 2. What is PL 94-142? Idea- law was strongly supported by parents who wanted their mentally retarded children integrated into public school settings and exposed to normal classrooms rather than kept insegregated settings 3. What does FAPE signify? The act mandated a free, appropriate public education for all children with disabilities, and listed several procedural safeguards to protect the rights of these shildren and their parents. 4. What is an IEP? Individualized education plan, appropriate to each child’s needs. The process of developing the iep for each child included parental involvement, with the ultimate goal of placing the child in the least restrictive environment that best meets the child’s needs 5. How does the goal of LRE sometimes differ from the reality of school experiences for many deaf children? The individual needs of many deaf children have been subsumed to the greater goal of inclusion, with the LRE being defined to mean the typical hearing classroom. In reality, access to language and communication may be limited since the dialogue swirling around these deaf students tends to be auditory 6. What is Section 504 (of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973)? Section 504 is another law that facilitates communication access, including assistive technology in schools, particularly those of higher leraning. It mandates that any institution receiving federal assistance or indirectly benefiting from such assistance provide access to individuals with disabilities
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7. What is the goal of the National Deaf Education Project To clarify the education and communication needs of deaf and hard of hearing children 8. What is the optimal time for early intervention to take place? To be truly effective, early intervention needs to take place at the time hearing loss is identified and prior to age three to enhance the potential for language and psychosocial development 9.
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