Lecture_9_Republican_Colonies[1]

Lecture_9_Republican_Colonies[1] - Lecture 9 Republican...

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Lecture 9: Republican Colonies
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Main Questions What can we say about the development of Roman colonies over time? What can we say about how colonies functioned as a city? What can we say about the relationship between colonies and Rome? What can we say about Rome from her colonies?
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Things to Pay Attention to: When was a colony founded / what type of colony is it? What kind of civic equipment does it get over time?
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Important Dates 509 BCE : Republic established Mid 4 th – mid 3 rd c. BCE : Expansion into and conquest of Italy Mid 3 rd c. BCE -146 BCE : Punic Wars against Carthage (conquest of Sicily, North Africa, Spain Æ 1 st provinces) 146 BCE on : Continual foreign expansion 88- c. 30 BCE (but really to 14 BCE): Civil Wars 14 BCE : Augustus becomes 1 st Emperor
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Stages of Colonies Stage 1 (5 th –3 rd c. BCE): colonies intended to secure conquered territory; usually located either on coast or on fortified place Stage 2 (3 rd c. – 133 BCE): colonies intended to secure conquered territory; located on plain with rectangular grid plan Stage 3 (133 BCE on): colonies intended to secure conquered territory and to reward veterans; located on plain
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Etruscan League of 12 cities (?) Solid Red: Etruria / home of the Etruscans Hatched Red: area of Etruscan influence Rome
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Types of Colonies “Roman Colonies” / colonia Romana = non-self governing “Latin Colonies” = self governing All colonies discussed in this lecture are colonies sent out by the city of Rome to establish a Roman presence in a potentially hostile area—so in that sense, all colonies discussed in this lecture are Roman colonies. Romans, however, made a distinction between what they termed “Roman
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Lecture_9_Republican_Colonies[1] - Lecture 9 Republican...

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