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Chapter_8_study_guide-1 - Chapter 8 Psychological Issues in...

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Chapter 8 Psychological Issues in Childhood 1. Describe the potential impact of the Newborn Infant Hearing Screening and Intervention Act of 1999 on parents’ processing their children’s hearing loss. The period covering suspicion of hearing loss may eventually be eliminated in part. This process can prevent months of unnecessary uncertainty and frustration for parents and other family members, and facilitate the early initiation of services, amplification, communication, and educational placement for the deaf child in cases where the deafness is present at birth 2. Describe the impact of hearing loss on the development of attachment between parent and child. Early researchers described deaf children with hearing parents as less likely to be securely attached to their mothers based on anecdotal or observational rather than empirical studies 3. Describe the difference between the experience of a hearing child and a deaf child when the caregiver leaves the room. Unknowingly deprive the infant of their presence every time they exit the infant’s visual field. Incapable of foreseeing an arrival via noise, the sound of approaching steps, or a voice calling from the other room. If lack of hearing is not compensated for by visual and tactile stimulation on an ongoing basis, the deaf child’s sense of isolation can be exacerbated, though these children are actually quite resilient 4. If infant screening is not done, how long does it usually take to confirm a child’s deafness? Usually it takes a year or more to confirm the deafness 5. What difficulties did Greenberg and Marvin (1979) and Lederberg and Mobley (1999) find in relationships of deaf toddlers with hearing mothers? They found that deaf toddlers and their mothers did not communicate with each other as well as hearing toddlers and their mothers. They were more pessimistic about their deaf children’s future, less satisfied with being parents, and more dissatisfied with their lives 6. How do communication strategies differ between deaf and hearing mothers of deaf children? Studies investigating deaf mother and infant behaviors during face to face interactions in the first year of life show that deaf mothers modify their sign language when communicating with an infant, an activity that parallels that of motherese of hearing children. Signs are simplified, and highly repetitious, and closer to the mother’s face rather than within the larger space used among adult signing partners so that we infants can see the signs when looking at the mother 7. Do deaf infants vocalize?
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