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Running head: TASK 31Task 3Healthcare Systems ComparisonAshley MessinaWestern Governors University
TASK 32A1:For this paper, the healthcare systems being compared will be The United States and Great Britain. A2: United States Healthcare accessIn January 2014, the United States Congress approved the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, requiring US citizens to have health care coverage. If a person is unemployed, or considered to have low income (as based on the Federal Poverty Level) they are required by law to still maintain healthcare coverage. These individuals are eligible to do so through Medicaid; which is a federally funded program for those who are unemployed or have a low income. Individuals can apply for healthcare plans offered through companies approved by Medicaid. Persons may apply for these plans through their states Healthcare Marketplace (Anderson, Osborn, Mossialos, Wenzl, 2014).Children of employed individuals in the U.S can be covered under their parent’s healthcare plans until they are 26 years of age, that’s if this is an option through their parent’s employer. Parents can also apply for Medicaid coverage through the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) via their state’s Healthcare Marketplace. This plan is required to cover all pediatric care, including dental and vison, and is available to families who are considered to havelow income (Anderson, Osborn, Mossialos, Wenzl, 2014).For American workers who are age 65 and older, they are eligible for Medicare, which is a federally funded program. Medicare has different parts to it; Part A covers inpatient hospital visits, skilled nursing facilities, hospice services, and some home health services. Part B is medical coverage, which covers outpatient care, some physician services, preventive services
TASK 33and medical supplies. Part C is the Medicare Advantage Plan, which is similar to an HMO or PPO plan, which covers most prescription drugs. Per Medicare.gov, an individual must have Medicare Part A or B to qualify for the Advantage Plan. Lastly, Medicare offers a Part D plan, which is strictly a prescription drug plan (Medicare.gov, n.d).