Study guide for final

Study guide for final - Cultural Relativism 1. How does the...

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Cultural Relativism 1. How does the cultural relativist define moral rightness? (In other words, an act is right when…) 2. Some cultural relativists believe that we ought to be tolerant and that belief in cultural relativism is necessary for being tolerant. What is the second reply to this argument? 3. If cultural relativism is true, why does it follow that Martin Luther King uttered something necessarily false when he said “racism is supported by the majority but racism is wrong”? 4. If cultural relativism is true, it does not follow that we should always be tolerant; it does not follow that tolerance is always good. Why? (Look at point two under the problems with cultural relativism.) Rachels on cultural relativism 5. What makes an argument valid? Why is it the case that the principle argument for cultural relativism is INVALID? (In answering this question you need to know the principle argument for cultural relativism.) What are the arguments concerning God and scientific facts that have the same structure and are also invalid? 6. What are some values that all cultures seem to share? Subjectivism 7. How does the subjectivist define moral rightness? (In other words, an act is right when…) 8. Why is subjectivism in music similar to subjectivism about morality? 9.
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Study guide for final - Cultural Relativism 1. How does the...

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