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Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - EASC150 Midterm Study Guide IDs 1...

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EASC150 Midterm Study Guide ID’s 1. Differences between the Chinese and Japanese images of stereotypes that were shown in TV episodes in class a. Chinese are usually depicted as cold, evil, cunning, and distrustful individuals. Such stereotypes dates as far back as the late 1800’s and were caused by the availability of Chinese workers who were seen as cheap labor and a possible economic threat. Beginning in the 1930’s, Chinese were also viewed as superstitious, child-like, ignorant people as a result of the film The Good Earth. Most of these images are still present today. Media perceptions and stereotypes of Japan have always been much more diversified. Images of quiet, king, sincere and hardworking people coexist with those of fanatic, two faced, ruthless individuals. During the 1980’s America was infatuated with Japan’s invincible economy and technologic achievements, and the nation become both suspicious and scared of Japan’s power. Currently, this is the same attitude that is perceived towards China. Koreans were thought off to be very disciplined. They were very into education. They spend most of their day being educated with teachers and books. i. Simpson’s’ Episode: The Japanese culture is shown to accept the humiliation or struggle of others as an acceptable form of entertainment, based on the game show the Simpson’s participate in on the show. This makes the Japanese culture seem insensitive to social ethics. ii. Simpson’s Episode & South Park Episode: The Japanese are viewed as very simple-minded. In the Simpson’s, the crowd is easily entertained by the game show despite the nature of it, and the seizure – robots cartoon on tv, show that the Japanese population are easily entertained by anything flashy or popular. In the south park episode, the Japanese fad “chinpoko mon” shows that the typical Japanese character is a follower rather than leader since once the product becomes popular or mainstream, everyone is determined to buy one in order to be cool or to fit in with everyone else around them. iii. The Japanese are shown as Anti – American and Imperialistic in the south park episode because throughout the whole episode, the main goal of the Japanese government officials is to control the US and take over. 2. The Soviet Model and the Maoist Model of Development a. Soviet Model of Development – In the early years of the Chinese Communist Party rule (1921), China’s leaders used the Soviet model of development in education, the legal system, and the economic system. i. Model of development in economics – favored capital-intensive industrialization, but the Soviet “aid” had to be repaid ii. China had to rely on Soviet experts and well-educated Chinese and the Communists were not sure if they could trust them iii. It is questionable if the CCP would have been as successful as it was in China in the 1950’s if it didn’t use Soviet support.
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