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Video Lecture 2_1

Video Lecture 2_1 - as spans become broader you need less...

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Video Lecture: Leader as a Structural Architect I Elements of Structure : -Work specialization: how specialized are you going to make work? Starting with scientific management, work has been specialized to gain efficiency; tasks have gotten more specific; easy to train people (drives down labor cost). But recently, this has caused more turnover, and less satisfaction if it is too specialized because people get bored. Therefore, work has been at times larger. If people see work as more meaningful they are more meaningful. -Chain of Command: historically, firms had very tight chain of command with unity of command; this has been changing more recently, however. -Span of Control: narrow (3-4 people reporting to a boss) to broad (7+ people reporting);
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Unformatted text preview: as spans become broader, you need less levels of management (flatter structures); historically, there has been more narrow span of control in organizations; today, with need to be more flexible, and more innovative, we have seen a more broader span of control (de-layering of hierarchy, so pushing management down into teams/groups). -Centralization/Decentralization: where you put power in firm; if centralized, it is located in a few positions near top of hierarchy; historically, firms were more centralized; can get away with this if there are few changes; in past 20-30 years, there has been a movement toward pushing power lower down in firm through decentralization; this allows for more flexibility....
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