Unformatted text preview: as spans become broader, you need less levels of management (flatter structures); historically, there has been more narrow span of control in organizations; today, with need to be more flexible, and more innovative, we have seen a more broader span of control (de-layering of hierarchy, so pushing management down into teams/groups). -Centralization/Decentralization: where you put power in firm; if centralized, it is located in a few positions near top of hierarchy; historically, firms were more centralized; can get away with this if there are few changes; in past 20-30 years, there has been a movement toward pushing power lower down in firm through decentralization; this allows for more flexibility....
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- Spring '08
- Management, 30 years, Structural Architect I Elements, -Work specialization