Thursday, Week One
-Vast, constitutes to major geographical, physiological divisions.
The north = great expands of the sahara
-50,000 years ago homo sapiens went from Africa to populate other areas of the world
-Culture/geography = extremely diverse; in sahara there are various ecological condition zones, as it is
move down, it turns into grasslands, then by central Africa it becomes a tropical forest
-subsahara = very ancient civilizations once existed; Africa has the most diversity in cultures
-One of the main – metal technology for art – valuable, spiritual, as early as 2000 b.c. they begun
experimenting with copper, mastered iron working, goldsmithing, silversmithing, etc. Made many
valuable – symbolic objects, created some very aesthetic beauty.
-Nok – old art piece made of terra cotta
-Ethay – ruled by dynasty of kings
-Edo – “benign” city,
-Invested into a lot of their culture through works of art, speech,
-Royalty was common through divine kingship, deeply rooted to the near east, and the north/sub-Saharan
Africa, many were considered divinity in human form
-social structures are hierarchal, class of rich, artisans, craftspeople, farmers, etc.
-artisans – high levels of specialization
in African culture, people become pros or near pros; experts at
woodcarving, textile weaving, ceramics, metals
-Cultures also live in the spiritual
-Smiths were the highest ranking artists/artisans because of how valuable the metals were, also had
spiritual force; viewed as someone who walked on the edge of the spiritual world, believed that he was
able to communicate with the gods associated with the metals they worked with.
-In Africa spirits are everywhere in nature, i.e. trees have spirits, iron, bronze, ceramics have spirits