Running head: HPM 1 Health Promotion Model (HPM) Octavia Holloway-Freeman South University
HPM 2 Educational Background Nola Pender (born August 16, 1941) is a nursing philosopher, author and intellectual scholar. She earned her baccalaureate and post graduate degree in nursing from Michigan State University in 1964 and 1965, later to receive her doctoral of psychology and education in 1969 from Northwestern State University (Nola, 2016). Professional Accomplishments In 1972, Pender was the heir of Distinguished Alumni Award from the Michigan State University School of Nursing and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Midwest Nursing Research Society in 2005. In addition, she received an honorary doctorate of science degree in 1992 from Widener University (Nola, 2016). Pender cofounded the Midwest Nursing Research Society and served as a distinguished educator of health promotion and hazard devaluation at University of Michigan School of Nursing (Nola, 2016). She created the initial version of the Health Promotion Model in 1982 and it was later revised due to changes philosophical viewpoints and break throughs in evidence based practices. Experiences that Influence Theoretical Development Aiken (1981) summarized the problematic areas in nursing care during the 1980’s was providing patients with holistic, safe, and effective care. Pender (2011) summarized that health care practitioners were focused on the treatment of conditions, rather than prevention and concluded that disease prevention, health promotion, and early detection are essential components in health care deliver. In addition, early interventions would be more beneficial, and would improve a patient quality of life, lessen the potential of complications, and decrease healthcare expenses (Nola, 2016). Encouraging healthy lifestyles and habits and positive re- enforcement are essential health promotion. Pender (2011) also believed that patient care should
HPM 3 be holistic and collaborative among patients and their families. The purpose of the health promotion model is to aide nurses in understanding patient’s behaviors as the foundation for education and then in turn promote needed lifestyle adjustments. Theoretical Foundation Nursing is the necessary component and the foundation of the health care setting, therefore it is important that nurses understand and deliver quality and safe care to each patient. Health promotion can be defined as demeanor prompt by the devotion to optimize health and well-being. Youssef (1983) concluded that patient education increases the potential for compliance to prescribed medication regimen and nurses should therefore continue to advance their knowledge and skills relating to patient education. This models encourages patient-family centered health education that in turns promotes the development of healthy habits. Practitioners assert competency in diverse roles that are essential for health promotion, such as educators, counselors, and advocators. Pender’s health promotion model is thorough, clear and precise
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- Nursing, Nola J. Pender