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MMW 3 4.16.08

MMW 3 4.16.08 - MMW 3 4.16.08 Saint Augustine-Forbidding...

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MMW 3 4.16.08 Saint Augustine -Forbidding for the modern reader – important to bring it to Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism -Theologian -Philosopher of the religion – Christian theologian -Someone who comes along after the revelation of Jesus and tries to straighten out misunderstandings after Jesus and Saint Paul -Constantine – decree of Milan in 313 -40 years later comes Augustine – by this time Christian took off but still strong pagan roles -In augustine’s lifetime this was tipped towards Christianity -Augustine after conversion wrote a lot about Christianity – became a bishop -Many of what he wrote went down in the church -Job as a theologian was to figure out what the proper belief is -Orthodoxy – proper belief -Christianity became so successful that people argued about orthodoxy Orthodoxy -One of the most difficult question: is Jesus man or God? Son of God = mix? -Orthodoxy says he is fully human and fully God -Because he was fully human he suffered like a human, but was in touch with God -Other issues in Augustine’s day – Suppose you have a priest who is a criminal – what happens to the sacraments he administers – are they valid? -People say no – required priests to not be sinful – ruled to be heterodox – not proper -Orthodoxy – sacraments are valid because he is a priest -Do babies sin? Are they capable of it? -If babies are sinners then we are sinners in our babyhood
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-Nature of evil in his youth – until Augustine was 30 he thought evil was a substance -many people felt that way too -Eventually changed his mind – came to believe that evil was a result of the human will -Do we have 1 will or 2? Maybe if we have 2 it would explain our lapses and triumphs – Good will and Bad will -Eventually decides that there’s only 1 will -Approaches questions like a philosopher The confessions -Augustine confessing his sins to God in 12 books -Autobiography – first autobiography we have in the old world -Pious exclamations on God and how bad a person he is -Converted to philosophy – shortly after converted to manaqui – then shortly converted to neoplatism – then converted in Garden – Christian -Full of Victorianisms – also full of Thees and Thous – the formal and familiar -Transcriber decided to make anything God says Thees and Thous
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