MMW 4 8.11.08

MMW 4 8.11.08 - MMW 4 8/11/08 Muslim world world connected...

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MMW 4 8/11/08 Muslim world – world connected through a Muslim sphere that it is a Muslim world -Bonded linked Muslim people with common interest – Umma -at this time paralleled the Chinese -Shining cities of culture – Cairo, Baghdad, Cordoba – centers of learning -Permeable culture – talked to people in outside cultures D. Islamic civilization in the high middle ages Can we speak of an Islamic "world"? consider: The Tale of Ma'aruf the Cobbler (in your reader) Medieval Islamic learning and the arts: the world's leading civilization? e.g, Cordoba: the image of style and taste Córdoba: the cultural capital of "Moorish" Spain photo: mosque architecture Maimonides -- a shining product of Islamic culture -- from Córdoba to Cairo e.g., Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) and the Muqaddimah (see the selection in your reader) -- pioneering efforts at an analytical, "scientific" view of history -One of the early examples of social science -How did governments arise? -- an early analysis of "identity politics": the role of " group feeling " in political life -How do people in groups behave? Are there really rules? -LOOK FOR THIS IN THE READER -Central for development of government – idea that for a variety of reasons – individuals come to think of themselves as belonging in a group -Explains why we have to be governed as a group
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-What is the nature of a group out of which a government should arise? -Samuel Huntington – humans work this way – best way to talk about people is civilization – large scale units that are united by cultures -Cultures are based by religion -Basis of grouping = civilization = religion -People will bind together by civilizational basis -Puts in front of you what he doesn’t believe in -- A burning question for the rest of the course (and the rest of the year): What are the possible (and most likely ) bases of group identity (now and in the past)? -China – some people still feel like they don’t belong in China -Uighur – harsh upward territory that’s not suitable with agriculture -Ethnically they don’t fit – governed by China as part of China -Muslim to a great extent - recently seeing a series of attacks – female suicide bombers -Reader – Ibn Khaldun tries to explain how society works and how government arises -Explains how Muslim rule is fragmented _____________________________________________________ Indian Society before the Age of the European Expansion I. India: Land and Society A. India's geo-economic position in the emerging world system " On the Way to Everywhere " (Janet Abu-Lughod) -- the Indian subcontinent's position in the world economic system -India is in a middle position for economics to occur -Diverse – but have important passes – where Indian middlemen can make a profit -Open to the west – where Muslim invasions come from
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map: India's chief regions (Abu-Lughod) map: topography of the Indian subcontinent another (simpler) view B. The People and Culture of India: The Heritage of the Ancient Civilizations
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2008 for the course MMW 4 taught by Professor Herbst during the Summer '07 term at UCSD.

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MMW 4 8.11.08 - MMW 4 8/11/08 Muslim world world connected...

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