MMW 4 Final Paper

MMW 4 Final Paper - Cheng 1 Chris Cheng Monday Section,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cheng 1 Chris Cheng Monday Section, Scott Vandehey Final Paper: MMW 4 Summer Session 2008 2 September 2008 Mongol Influence on the Development of Muscovy In the first half of the 13 th century, the Mongols were of the most powerful nations in the world, eventually dominating much of Asia and establishing a system of tribute collection that allowed them to profit from all the nations they have conquered. In 1223, they invaded Kievan Rus, which was then the most powerful state in the region that would become Russia. In 1240, the Mongols sacked the city of Kiev and ended the principality of Kievan Rus. With the destruction of the most powerful state in the region, the various states that made up Kievan Rus were split up into fragments of cities and territories. The Mongols then proceeded to occupy the fragmented Russian states and demanded tribute. In just one century, however, the city of Moscow rose up to become the most powerful among the Russian states. It became known as the Grand Duchy of Moscow, or Muscovy. Muscovy territory grew from less than 20,000 square miles in the year 1300 to over 1 million square miles in 1533 (Langer 12). How this came to be is a question that has intrigued many scholars and historians studying medieval Russia, especially because of how disadvantaged Moscow seemed. For one, when compared to European nations, Moscow had very harsh weather (Crummey 1). For another, they were no more than an “insignificant trading outpost in the principality of Vladimir-Suzdal” (Library of Congress 1). How exactly did an insignificant city that was naturally disadvantaged and torn from invasion become the dominating state in all of Russia? The interaction with the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cheng 2 Mongolians was the reason for Moscow’s transformation into a powerful nation and its eventual domination over the Russian States. One major way the Mongols beneficially influenced Moscow was their influence on its economy. A part of their influence was the introduction of extensive trade routes to the city of Moscow. According to Professor Patterson, one of the lasting effects that the Mongols had on their conquered nations was in the trade routes. During the Mongol rule of the lands in Rus, caravan trade routes were extended to Moscow. Essentially, being conquered by the Mongolians allowed the Russians in Moscow to be connected to other areas that the Mongols controlled. There is archaeological evidence that shows that Russia, which includes Moscow, was part of this trade, and more so, profited from Mongolian protection in trade (Halperin 242, 243). As Professor Patterson introduced in his lectures, trade was an important part of how countries during the medieval era were able to earn profit. An economic stimulus would have been particularly beneficial in Moscow’s development into becoming more powerful even while dominated by the Mongolians. In addition to trade being beneficial while it was conquered, the economic benefits of trade lasted long after the Mongolians were no longer in control of
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/04/2008 for the course MMW 4 taught by Professor Herbst during the Summer '07 term at UCSD.

Page1 / 10

MMW 4 Final Paper - Cheng 1 Chris Cheng Monday Section,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online