paper115a - Gupta 1 Prisha Gupta Professor Steve Vosti Are...

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Gupta 1 Prisha Gupta Professor Steve Vosti Are 115A 12/6/07 India: Flooded in 2006- Flood and its Consequences in Surat Natural disasters can truly be devastating, especially for those unequipped to deal with the problems it can bring. A flood can water down an entire city, potentially bringing disease, economic struggles, death, and more. On August 7, 2006, there was a flood in Surat, in the state of Gujarat. India is a very large country, with about 1.13 billion people, but also very poor, with their income per capita only $720 in 2005 (Finfacts). The flood had spread to several states during the summer of 2006, but the focus of this paper will remain on Surat, as there was extensive damage throughout many parts of the country, but Surat was one of the main places hit by the flood. From the CIA handbook, we can find the economic status of the entire country from 2006. Their GDP in PPP was 4.164 trillion, while the official exchange rate brought it down to 805.5 billion. Their growth rate was 9.4% during this time, showing a very strong level of growth. They have reduced poverty by over 10 percentage points in the last decade, as they expand into more manufacturing and services. Services are more than half of India’s output, and the main source of their economic growth. Their GDP per capita was $3,800, broken down into agriculture having almost 18%, industry 28%, and services nearly 55%. According to the website, their major export goods were engineering goods, gems and jewelry, agriculture and petroleum products, while their major import items were petroleum crude and
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products, pearls, precious and semi-precious stones and machinery. The CIA handbook continues to tell more about India’s employment. India’s labor force consists of nearly half of the population, at 506.9 million, with a fairly average unemployment rate of 8%. However, the population below the poverty line is very high, at a quarter of their population. The Gini coefficient is almost in the middle of most countries, at 36.8, it is neither very low nor very high. Area Morbidity Death Displacement Surat/Gujarat 50,000 (Bansal, RK) 200 10 million affected, (3.5 million in Surat) (25,000 evacuated) India Hundreds of thousands – (no definitive number found) (Unicef) 2,200 (unicef) 25 million affected (800,000 evacuated) 150,000 homes damaged (Unicef) During the floods of the week of August 7, 2006, the entire city of Surat was flooded with water. The death toll, according to the Adventist News Network, was over 200 people, with over 900,000 people displaced out of their homes. By August 12 th , the Hindu Times newspaper claimed that only 60% of the power in the city was restored, and many people did not receive the aid they needed. The paper also mentioned that “mud, and animal carcasses, and rotting stuff” was left behind as the floodwaters began to recede, well as writing that over 20,000 people were forced to evacuate from Surat and neighboring villages. In the Citizen’s report, it was reported
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2008 for the course ARE 115a taught by Professor Vosti during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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paper115a - Gupta 1 Prisha Gupta Professor Steve Vosti Are...

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