Governtment chapter notes

Governtment chapter notes - Book Notes Chapter 7 Book Notes...

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Book Notes Chapter 7 Book Notes The Media The Alien and Sedition Acts were enacted by the Federalists in an attempt to silence the Republican press. · Types of Media o Broadcast media o Print media § Rely on leading newspapers to set their agenda. § It provides a more detail and complete information § They are the prime source of news for the educated and influential individuals o The Internet · Regulation of the Broadcast Media o 1996 – congress passed the Telecommunications Act. The act loosened restrictions on media ownership and allowed companies in different media to compete with each other. § It also regulated the content of material on the internet. o The government imposed these regulations: § Equal time rule – the requirement that broadcasters provide candidates for the same political office equal opportunities to communicate with the public. § Right of Rebuttal – gives individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks made on a radio or television broadcast. § Fairness doctrine – a federal communications commission requirement for broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views. · Organization of the media. o The enactment of the Telecommunications Act in 1996 opened the way for further consolidation in the media industry, and a wave of mergers and consolidations has further reduced the field of independent media across the country. o Increasing concentration of media ownership raises a number of issues, one of the most important being political equality. · Nationalization of the News o News enclave – a group seeking specialized information not provided by the mainstream media. o Narrowcasting – when media aims their news toward a certain group of people. · News Coverage o What determines the spin a story will receive? § The journalists, or producers of the news § The sources or topics of the news
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§ The audience for the news. o Catering to the audience § The affluent—who are also typically well educated—are the core audience of media. o The media and Conflict § The chief problem with protest as a media technique is that the media on which the protesters depend have considerable discretion in reporting and interpreting the events they cover. · Media Power in American Politics o Shaping Events § The media has played an important role in: · 1) Important factor in the civil rights movement of the 50s and 60s · 2) The media were instrumental in compelling the Nixon administration to negotiate an end to American involvement in the Vietnam War. · 3) The media were central actors in the Watergate affair o The Sources of Media Power § Agenda Setting - The power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems § Framing - The power of the media to influence how events and issues are interpreted. § Priming – Process of preparing the public to take a particular
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Governtment chapter notes - Book Notes Chapter 7 Book Notes...

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