notecomp - Key Terms Ch 7 Agenda Setting the power of the...

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Key Terms Ch. 7 - Agenda Setting – the power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems - Equal time rule – the requirement that broadcasters provide candidates for the same political office equal opportunities to communicate their messages to the public - Fairness doctrine – a Federal Communications Commission requirement for broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues to provide time for opposing views. The FCC ceased enforcing this doctrine in 1985 - Framing – the power of the media - News enclave – a group seeking specialized information not provided by the mainstream media - Priming – process of preparing the public to take a particular view of an event or political actor - Right of rebuttal – a Federal Communications Commission regulation giving individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks made on a radio or television broadcast - Sound bites – short snippets of information aimed at dramatizing a story rather than explaining its substantive meaning Ch. 9 - Caucus – a normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to select candidates, plan strategy, or make decisions regarding legislative matters - Dealignment – large-scale weakening of partisan ties in the electorate - divided government – the condition in American government wherein the presidency is controlled by one party while the opposing party controls one or both houses of Congress - Electoral realignment – the point in history when a new party supplants the ruling party, becoming in turn the dominant political force. IN the United States, this has tended to occur roughly every thirty years - 527 committees – nonprofit independent groups that receive and disburse funds to influence the nomination, election, or defeat of candidates. Named after Section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, which defines and provides tax-exempt status for nonprofit advocacy groups - Gender gap – a distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting the differences in views between women and men - Machines – strong party organizations in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth- century American cities. These machines were led by “bosses” who controlled party nominations and patronage - Majority party – the party that hold the majority of legislative seats in either the House or the Senate - Minority party – the party that holds a minority of legislative seats in either the House or the Senate
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- Multiple-member district – an electorate that selects all candidates at large from the whole district; each voter is given the number of votes equivalent to the number of seats to be filled - National convention – a national party political institution that nominates the party’s presidential and vice presidential candidates, establishes party rules, and writes and ratifies the party’s platform - Nomination – the process through which political parties select their candidates for election to public office -
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