English and French Colonization of America

English and French Colonization of America - The English...

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The English and French Colonization’s of America After the initial founding of the Americas by Spain in the 1500’s the once great world power began to lose much of its international influence. Upon this event, two new contenders emerged to gain power and land in the largely unsettled North American continent. Both England and France played sufficient roles in the colonization of North America, and both were important in their own ways. The first attempt made by the English to form a colony in America was made on an island in the Pamlico Sound known as Roanoke Island. In 1585, after gaining the approval of the queen, English noble Sir Walter Ralegh made his first effort to establish a colony on Roanoke. He sent a group of men to the island, expecting things to run smoothly and the colony to take off shortly thereafter. However contrary to his wishes, the men were apparently indolent and failed to plant any crops with which to sustain themselves. They quickly grew restless and when their expected and much needed supplies didn’t arrive on time, they boarded the ships of Englishman Sir Francis Drake and returned to England. When the supply ships finally did arrive, the colonists were nowhere to be found, and in their stead, a small battalion of men was left to defend the settlement. However, the men vanished and were never again heard from. Despite his previous failure, Ralegh remained determined to make Roanoke a success. So in 1587, he tried again – this time sending a group which included women as well as men. Everything seemed to be going to plan when the Governor, John White, made a trip to England for supplies. However upon his return in 1590, he was astonished to discover that the entire colony had simply disappeared. There was no clue as to their whereabouts, except for a message, “CROATOAN”, which was carved on a tree. It has been suggested that they were killed off by local Indians, but there is no strong evidence to support this claim.
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The next English colony established was that of Sagadahoc, in Maine in 1607. The
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English and French Colonization of America - The English...

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