American Politics

American Politics - I. What is politics? a. Economic...

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I. What is politics? a. Economic Systems i. Capitalism – market determines production, distribution, and prices 1. Regulated capitalism 2. Laissez-faire ii. Socialist economy (few nations) – state determines iii. Social democracy 1. Hybrid of capitalism and socialism b. Types of government i. Authoritarian system – holds all power 1. Monarchy 2. Theocracy 3. Facist 4. Oligarchy 5. Totalitarian ii. Non-authoritarian system 1. Anarchy 2. Democracy a. Popular sovereignty – citizens are the source of political  power c. Theories of democracy i. Elite democracy – limits citizens who have the right to vote ii. Pluralist democracy – citizen membership in political groups iii. Participatory democracy – citizens actively and directly participate d. Origins of American democracy i. Athenian democracy
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ii. Middle Ages 1. Divine right of Kings iii. The Enlightenment – disproves divine right 1. Thomas Hobbes a. Social contract theory i. Voluntarily agree to be governed 2. John Lock – builds upon Hobbes a. Legitimate government requires the people’s consent. If 
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American Politics - I. What is politics? a. Economic...

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