Categories of Law - The Federal Court System Categories of...

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The Federal Court System  Categories of Law Civil Law “Laws governing relations between private parties where” No criminal act is alleged Parties are making conflicting claims Parties are seeking to establish a legal relationship Examples of civil law issues Marriage Tort A civil wrong in which a victim seeks monetary compensations Examples of Tort Personal injury Medical malpractice Product liability Wrongful death Defamation Wrongs involving real estate property Wrongs against business Parties in a Civil Law Case Individual v Individual
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Individual v Business Individual v Government Penalties in Civil Cases Fine Monetary compensations No jail term unless one party refuses to comply with court decisions. Criminal Law “Laws governing acts deemed illegal and punishable by government such as robbery” Criminal Law deals with Murder Assault Other acts that affect public safety, public health Parties in criminal cases Government v individuals accused of law violations Penalties in Criminal Law Cases Jail terms Capital punishment Fines Procedural Law “Laws governing the legal process that define proper courses of action by government or private parties.” Part of public law
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Miranda Rights – right to remain silent Police failure to have a search warrant Constitutional and Legislative Courts Constitutional Courts Federal district courts Federal circuit courts of Appeals US Supreme courts Constitutional Courts Federal district courts 94 district courts by 2001 90% of cases get to federal district courts
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  • Summer '08
  • LI
  • Supreme Court of the United States, US Supreme Court, Federal District Courts, courts constitutional courts, Legislative Courts Constitutional Courts Federal district courts Federal circuit courts of Appeals

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