Final Review Government -...

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Public/Procedural Law: Definition Laws governing the legal process that define proper courses of action by government or private parties. Miranda Rights Due Process The principle that the government must respect all of a person's legal rights, instead of just some or most of those legal rights, when the government deprives a person of life, liberty, or property Procedural/Due Process Rights Right to: Trial by jury legal council information of cause and nature of a charge confront/obtain witnesses to remain silent Innocent until proven guilty born out of these procedural liberties Supremacy Clause Three federal laws stand above state constitutions and laws The US Constitution State legislature decisions Acts of Congress Reverse Discrimination A group of the majority being discriminated against. Establishment Clause The party of the first amendment prohibiting the establishment of a church officially supported by the national government. Lemon Test Government can fun such schools run by religious organizations as long as Schools have a secular purpose state funding neither advances nor inhibits religion state funding does not entangle governmental and religious institutions in each other's affairs. Free Exercise Clause The provision of the 1st Amendment guaranteeing the free exercise of religion. Political Speech Libel A written defamation of a person's character, reputation, business, or property rights. Slander The public uttering of a false statement that harms the good reputation of antoehr Exclusionary Rule The ability of courts to exclude evidence obtained in violation of the 4th Amendment
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Grand Jury In the common law, a grand jury is a type of jury which determines whether there is enough evidence for a trial. Double Jeopardy orbids that a defendant be tried twice for the same crime on the same set of facts. Miranda Rights A person must be informed prior to police interrogation of their rights to remain silent and to have the benefit of legal counsel Eminent Domain The right of government to take private property for public use Civil Rights Constitutionally guaranteed rights enjoyed by anyone regardless of his/her racial, ethnic, religious, and other background (e.g. physical conditions, sexual orientation, etc.) 13th Amendment Emancipation of Slaves 14th Amendment Protection of equal rights 15th Amendment Voting rights to former slaves Black Codes Laws passed at the state and local level to restrict the civil rights and civil liberties of black people particularly the former slaveso E.g. Florida black codes restricted gun or even knife ownership by blacks Jim Crow Laws State and local laws enacted in the south and enforced between 1876 and 1965. These laws were aimed at neutralizing the effect of the Civil War amendments. Jim Crow Laws mandated “separate by equal” status for African Americans. o A reaction to the Civil War Amendments 19th Amendment Women suffrage Brown v Board of Education
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2008 for the course POLS 2304 taught by Professor Li during the Summer '08 term at University of Houston - Downtown.

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Final Review Government -...

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